Vaheguru Ji Ka Khalsa Vaheguru Ji Ki Fateh! Since June was the month of Dhan Dhan Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji's shaheedi; I have decided to make a 3 part post about his Shaheedi, first talking about the why, then how, and finally the what? The reason for this is because various times people forget about the why, and only do the what and how. So I will begin this and the other two posts will follow within the next few days.
WHY: When the message of Dhan Dhan Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji first arrived, there was a huge fear that the elites had all over India and the Mughal Empire at the time. The message had brought the opportunity for people to build each other up without the dependency of other people other than Guru Sahib. What everyone had most fear about was the idea that their people would eventually follow the Satguru, regardless if they were Muslims or Hindus or whatever, and that they would become Sikhs. Ever since Dhan Dhan Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji stood-up to the tyranny of Babur; the Sikhs have always been independent in treating people by character rather than their worldly ranks, Dhan Dhan Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji eventually would continue on by standing-up to Humayun, (the second Mughal Empire), when he was in bhagti. When Akbar went to see Dhan Dhan Sri Guru Amar Das Ji he had to sit equally to all the other people in the Langar before meeting the Guru.
Eventually this greatly frustrated the higher-ups in the society. They believed that the best way to break the spirits of the Sikhs and the Guru was to try to use fear tactics against them to change the Gurbani that had already been accepted, (under the Guruship of Dhan Dhan Sri Guru Arjun Dev Ji with blessing the Sewa to Bhai Gurdas Ji to write the Gurbani), the elites felt if they could bring the Guru to change the Gurbani; they would have finally defeated the Sikhs; however, what they didn't understand was that the light of Dhan Dhan Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji does not fear any death, and rather sticks to the truth til the very end. Dhan Dhan Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji would rather accept death because of the power of Gurmat being out of this world, this was the power Gurmat that nobody could understand other than that of the Gursikhs and the light of Dhan Dhan Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji.
Vaheguru, this is the first part of the Why, Dhan Dhan Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji was made a Shaheed, on the next part we will talk about how Dhan Dhan Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji was made Shaheed. Vaheguru Ji Ka Khalsa Vaheguru Ji Ki Fateh!